Capital City: Cairo
Population: 78 million
Area: 386,000 square miles
- Type â€“ Republic
- Independence â€“ 1922
- Constitution â€“ 1971
- Branches â€“ On the executive level: President, Prime Minister and Cabinet.
- On the legislative level: Peopleâ€™s Assembly, Shura (consultative) and Council. On the judicial level: the Supreme Constitutional Court.
Egypt is located in Northern Africa. It is situated north of Sudan lying between Libya and the Gaza Strip. It borders the Mediterranean Sea and controls the Suez Canal as well as the Sinai Peninsula.
Egypt has one of Africaâ€™s most prosperous economies. Moreover the cabinet economic team of the deposed regime has simplified and reduced tariffs and taxes, improved the transparency of the national budget revived stalled privatizations of public enterprises and implemented economic legislation designed to foster private sector-driven economic growth and improve Egypt's competitiveness.
Egypt is served by a range of international airlines which fly to both Cairo and Alexandria and are very well-maintained. Internal air services operate and there are bus and rail services along the Nile River valley. The road system in the country is good with only small amounts remaining unpaved. Egyptâ€™s waterways are an integral part of the economy and the Nile and many canals flowing into it are navigable to oceangoing vessels.
- January 7 â€“ Eastern Orthodox Christmas
- April 25 â€“ Sinai Liberation
- May 1 â€“ Labour Day
- June 18 â€“ Evacuation Day
- July 1 â€“ Bank Holiday
- July 23 â€“ Revolution Anniversary
- October 6 â€“ Armed Forces Day
- Winter â€“ (1) Eid El Fitr (2) Eid El Adha (3) Islamic New Year
- Spring â€“ (1) Easter: Eastern Orthodox (2) Sham El Nessim
- Summer â€“ Prophet Mohamedâ€™s Birthday
Places to Go:
Egypt is a wonderful destination shaped by a historic civilization, with its great pyramids, sphinx, museum, and gorgeous mosques, churches and temples in the old city. Bazaars are a fantastic source of local culture and bargains. Do not miss Khan-el-Khalili market in Cairo. Egyptian craftsmen are renowned for works of alabaster, mother-of-pearl, brass and glass.
Telephone Calling Code: 20
Electricity: 220V, 50 Hz